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hikayat hang tuha laksamana melaka Continue reading...

Darihal Kewujudan Laksamana Melaka

Walaupun Hang Tuha (atau Hang Toh) dan pengembaraannya itu hanyalah sebuah fiksyen, namun kewujudan orang yang bergelar Laksamana yang benar-benar hidup pada masa Sultan Mansur Syah (r. 1458/9-1477), (ataupun sejak sebelumnya lagi) dan juga pada masa pemerintahan ‘Alauddin Ri’ayat Syah (r. 1477-1481), dan juga masa Mahmud Syah (r. 1481-1511) adalah suatu kebenaran sejarah. Bahawa jawatan Laksamana itu disandang oleh seorang Melayu tidak perlu dipersoalkan. Tohmahan Leonard Andaya yang mendakwa kononnya orang yang berjawatan Laksamana adalah…

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Ibrahim Yaakob Continue reading...

Reconnecting the Malay World: Ibrahim Yaakob’s Re-suturing of Pahang and the Rest of the Malay Archipelago

Despite Hugh Clifford’s boast that he had managed to acquire for the Empire a vast territory of fifteen thousand square miles that was Pahang, it turned out to be too small a place for Ibrahim Yaakob. Eager to locate himself in the broader canvas of the Malay world, he viewed Pahang in the wider context of the Malay-Indonesian world. In 1941, Ibrahim Yaakob was forced to leave the editorial board of Majlis when the newspaper…

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kawahbuku news update Continue reading...

Update on Shipping Cost for East Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak and Labuan)

In the past few weeks, Kawah Buku website experienced a problem with a calculation of shipping cost for East Malaysia regions (Sabah, Sarawak and Labuan). This problem was due to the adjustment of new system that we introduced through our backend and affected the algorithms of the shipping calculation. As per announced in previous statement, our shipping cost for all deliverable regions had been updates due to SST come into effect start on September 2018.…

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Golden Khersonese Continue reading...

The Golden Khersonese

There has been considerable diversity of opinion in the interpretation of this name. Several early workers in this field who devised correction factors to convert the Ptolemaic co-ordinates to true latitudes and longitudes came to the conclusion that the Golden Khersonese was in Lower Burma. There was, too, apparent confirmatory evidence of this identification. Not only was there: Taik-Kulā still in existence near Ayetthema in the Sittōng subdivision of the Shwegyin district, but the most…

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Marxisme Lenin Continue reading...

Kegagalan Marxisme

Marxisme meluru ke pentas dunia dengan kemenangan kaum Bolshevik di Rusia pada tahun 1917 diilhami oleh teori dan program ekonomi yang menjanjikan syurga di muka bumi dalam bentuk penghapusan kelas sosial, penyamarataan ekonomi dan kebebasan daripada sebarang penindasan. Selanjutnya negara diperintah oleh “diktator proletariat”, kelas pekerja yang selama ini menjadi mangsa kepada pelbagai bentuk penindasan oleh kelas penguasa. Kini untuk pertama kali mereka benar-benar mempunyai suara dalam pentadbiran masyarakat. Namun, Marxisme tetap mempunyai pandangan yang…

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