Wacana Tentang Kaedah

René Descartes (31 March 1596 – 11 February 1650) was a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist. Descartes’ Meditations on First Philosophy (1641) continues to be a standard text at most university philosophy departments. Descartes’ influence in mathematics is equally apparent; the Cartesian coordinate system was named after him. He is credited as the father of analytical geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry, used in the discovery of infinitesimal calculus and analysis. Descartes was also one of the key figures in the Scientific Revolution. Descartes refused to accept the authority of previous philosophers. He frequently set his views apart from those of his predecessors. In the opening section of the Passions of the Soul, an early modern treatise on emotions, Descartes goes so far as to assert that he will write on this topic “as if no one had written on these matters before”. His best known philosophical statement is “I think, therefore I am” (French: Je pense, donc je suis; Latin: Ego cogito, ergo sum), found in Discourse on the Method (1637) and Principles of Philosophy (1644).

Khalid Jaafar is now the executive director of Institut Kajian Dasar (IKD). Khalid Jaafar was also a press secretary to Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim from 1988 to 1998 while Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim held the position of minister of education, minister of finance and deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia until Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim was fired from all his positions in the government. He is also one of the founders of The People’s Justice Party (Parti Keadilan Rakyat). In 2003, his articles and writing were collected and re-published in a book entitled ‘Tumit Achilles’.

Awal Nahdah Resources (Cetakan Pertama 2017)
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Wacana Tentang Kaedah adalah terjemahan daripada Discours de la Méthode Pour bien conduire sa raison, et chercher la vérité dans les sciences karya René Descartes yang diterbitkan pada tahun 1637. Buku Wacana Tentang Kaedah membuka lembaran baru dalam falsafah.

Dalam sejarah falsafah, Rene Descartes dikira sebagai pemula kepada falsafah moden. Discours de la Méthode Pour bien conduire sa raison, et chercher la vérité dans les sciences (Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting One’s Reason and of Seeking Truth in the Sciences) atau Wacana Tentang Kaedah Bagaimana Berfikir Dengan Baik Tentang Mencari Kebenaran Dalam Ilmu-Ilmu paling mewakili semangat falsafah moden yang dibawa oleh Descartes.

Descartes dikenali dengan slogan cogito ergo sum, tetapi di dalam buku ini ungkapan itu disebut dalam bahasa ibunda beliau: je pense donc je suis—saya berfikir, maka saya wujud. Descartes mencari keyakinan setelah ragu terhadap segala ilmu bahkan kewujudan dirinya sendiri.

Filasuf ini turut memecah tradisi dengan menulis buku ini dalam bahasa ibundanya, bahasa Perancis, bukan bahasa masyarakat terpelajar, iaitu bahasa Latin. Beliau secara sedar ingin buku ini dibaca dengan meluas oleh bangsa beliau. Maka beliau memulakan trend gerakan bahasa-bahasa ibunda sebagai wahana Pencerahan dan bahasa pengucapan intelektual.

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Weight 0.124 kg
Dimensions 12.1 × 0.8 × 17 cm
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9789672117025

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