The Alliance Road to Independence

JOSEPH M. FERNANDO is an Associate Professor in the Department of History, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Malaya, Malaysia.

Penerbit Universiti Malaya (First Printing, 2009)
155 pages including Bibliography and Index


In stock

ISBN: 9789831004807 Product ID: 4316 Subjects: , , Sub-subjects: , ,

The Alliance Road to Independence provides the first detailed historical account of the struggle for independence in Malaysia. Using mainly primary archival sources from London and Malaysia, including recently declassified official documents from the Colonial Office, the author traces the central role of the Alliance Party in Malaya’s struggle for independence in the 19505. The Alliance Road to Independence describes how a group of leaders from diverse ethnic and political backgrounds forge a common political platform to demand independence from the British.

When the British administration refused to meet their demands, the Alliance launched a campaign of non-violent protests and actions which led to British acceptance of their demands. This book reveals that the country’s independence was not given on a silver platter by the British as some earlier writings suggest but rather it was the result of a concerted and sustained political struggle pursued by the Alliance Party which represented all the main races in the country. Independence was indeed the fruit of the shared efforts of all the communities.

The Alliance Road to Independence is intended to fill a noticeable void in the existing literature on the history of the independence struggle in Malaysia, or more precisely, Malaya, in the post-Second World War period. There is at present no historical work that traces adequately the role of the Alliance party in the nation’s struggle for independence and this book is intended to contribute towards a deeper understanding of the party’s role during the nation’s formative period. Existing books have largely provided a general picture of the nation’s struggle for independence, relying mainly on secondary material and published sources.

These works invariably do not provide sufficient depth in discussion and analysis of the role and impact of the Alliance Party in the independence struggle. The earlier works were also hampered by a lack of historical evidence on important developments in the period relating to the independence struggle and hence the noticeable brevity in their treatment of the subject matter. In recent years the official documents related to the process of decolonisation in Malaya, particularly Colonial Office documents, and a further corpus of materials such as party documents, reports, memorandums and personal papers of politicians have become available to scholars and this new historical evidence has enabled us to examine in greater depth the country’s independence struggle.

This is particularly so in relation to the post-1951 period when a popular, mass-based nationalist movement, emerged following the introduction of local elections to push more aggressively for the grant of self-government and independence. In a broader sense, this book is also intended to contribute to the wider historical documentation of the Malaysia’s post-war political history of which there is a dearth of serious research and publications.

List of Table and Plates

1. Introduction

2. The Emergence of the Alliance Party
The Origin of the UMNO-MCA Alliance
The 1952 Kuala Lumpur Municipal Election Campaign
The UMNO-MCA ‘Alliance’ Sweeps the Polls
The Consolidation of the UMNO-MCA Alliance

3. The Alliance and the Federal Election Crisis
The Call for National Elections
The Alliance and the Moderates
The Alliance Confronts the Colonial Administration
Tryst in London
Biting the Bullet

4. British Attitude Toward Malayan Independence
Post-war Planning during the Second World War
Immediate Post-war Period
The Gurney Administration, 1948-1951
The Templer Administration, 1952-1954
The MacGillivray Administration, 1954-1957

5. The 1955 Federal Election
Alliance’s Preparations for the 1955 Elections
The Alliance Manifesto
The Challenge from Within
The Alliance Sweeps the First National Elections

6. The London Conference
A Shaky Start to Transfer of Power
British Position on Independence at London Conference
Building Bridges with the Rulers
The 1956 London Conference
Talks at Lancaster House
The Constitutional Negotiations

7. The Tunku’s Role in Malaya’s Independence
The Contributions of Other Leaders

8. Conclusion


Weight0.255 kg
Dimensions22.8 × 15.2 × 0.9 cm




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